Studies in the HICs with the demand for sodas (carbonated drinks, fresh fruit juices, football drinks, ready-to-drink beverage and coffee, energy beverages, and you can sampling waters, as well as one another sugar-sweetened and you will artificially sweetened types) imagine the new suppleness getting about ?0.8 (1). So it dating was illustrated within the Contour 3 that will be centered on data regarding some places. Knowledge you to definitely appeal simply with the SSBs find demand to get a great deal more rate receptive than simply soda demand, that have an enthusiastic flexibility of about ?step one.2, showing the ability to alternative out of SSBs to help you artificially sweetened or sugarless drinks as a result to better SSB costs (16, 43). Current studies of LMICs put comparable or deeper suppleness quotes; studies out of Mexico, Ecuador, and Chile projected soft drink rate elasticities off ?step one.06, ?step 1.20, and ?step 1.37, respectively (several, 25, 41). A study of India projected a price flexibility off SSB application out of ?0.94 (2). People substitute certainly various other drink products in reaction to help you alterations in relative cost, such as replacing bottled water and you will milk products when soda rates increase (20, 50). Several research has concluded that drink rates expands bring about certain substitution to dishes, partly offsetting reductions when you look at the added-sugar and/otherwise caloric intake out-of quicker use of large-charged drinks (18, 64). Current research indicates you to definitely SSB consult is more price receptive from inside the lower-money compared to large-money populations (19, 34, 55).
Within the 2014, Mexico turned into the first country in the Americas to consider a extreme excise income tax toward SSBs: that peso for each liter. Continua a leggere